Events

Lectures

Sub-type laws, trigger, and reduction

by Banin D. Sukmono (Director and Head of Metaphysics and Science at Ze-No)

Yogyakarta | 03, 10, and 17 March 2019

Time: 15.00 – 17.00 WIB

Venue: Sengkan RT 07 RW 059 Gang Nakula no 16 Joho Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281 (Ze-No Office)

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Abstract

Sub-type laws, trigger, and reduction

Sub-type laws, which figure in maintaining the necessity of reduction while keeping the non-physical concept substantial and not only pragmatic, recently has been deemed to be a new argument for the unity of science. The central idea relies on the nomological co-extension between physical and complex entities which is linked by intra-theoretic token-token relation of local configurations. It is argued that this framework enables functionalism to be immune from epiphenomenal-eliminative dilemma because it cancels the alleged role of multiple references as the non-reductive argument and the consequence of reduction as eliminative. However, by repudiating the task of triggers in conditioning causal power and its circumstance and setting aside theoretical identity in reduction and impossibility of law-like generalization ensuing from multiple reference in providing the abstract laws of special sciences, admittedly, the first attempts of incorporating sub-type laws into foundation of science seems ungrounded in the face of physical eliminativism. That being said, sub-type laws are arguably beneficial on the future debate of reductionism since it captures the domain where reduction might be satisfied without being eliminative in principle and, therefore, it appeals for significant reconstruction. Elaborating the account, the lecture will be run with these divisions:
1. Ontological presuppositions of the first sub-type laws: Esfeld proposal;
2. Sub-type laws, generalization, and the demand for the trigger;
3. Sub-type laws and other reductionist programs.

Lectures

Ontological justification of the Anthropocene Epoch

by Rangga Kala M. (Head of Metaphysics and Technology at Ze-No)

Yogyakarta | 27 January, 03, and 10 February 2019

Time: 15.00 – 17.00 WIB

Venue: Sengkan RT 07 RW 059 Gang Nakula no 16 Joho Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281 (Ze-No Office)

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Abstract

Ontological justification of the Anthropocene Epoch

The beginning of the term of Anthropocene is emerged in the early twentieth century to describe a new geological age marking human beings as the planet earth forces. After that, the justification and ratification of Anthropocene become one of the most recent debates on geological science because there lays a controversy regarding the validity of Anthropocene as the geological epoch, especially regarding the necessity and desirability of the position of human in geological discourse as the prominent factors. Furthermore, although it is originated from the scientific term, many experts contend that it is only a voguish word and allegedly geologically problematic because of the conceptual appropriations from other fields, such as philosophy, social sciences, and liberal art. However, the causal efficacy of the recent human activities is too impactful to be not taken into account. A careful examination and hopefully ontological justification, then, is necessary to be conducted to elucidate whether that ontological turn does occur, which is represented by a question regarding the status of that human force and the intelligibility of the nomenclature. This lecture will bring the discussion of Anthropocene ontological justification from the history to the philosophical thought and will be divided into three lectures:

1. The short story of Anthropocene
2. Anthropo-scene: The Anthropocene or the Anthropocentric
3. After Anthropocene

Lectures

Topological Status of Magnitude in Meta-language

by Fitriadi K. (Head of Philosophical Logic  at Ze-No)

Yogyakarta | 30 December 2018, 06, and 13  January 2019

Time: 15.00 – 17.00 WIB

Venue: Sengkan RT 07 RW 059 Gang Nakula no 16 Joho Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281 (Ze-No Office)

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Abstract

Topological Status of Magnitude in Meta-language

Meta-language (Lm) is a semantic theory of truth built under one to one topological transformation. Different from natural language (Ln), Lm has a structure of isomorphism ensuring the gap between Lo and Lm in propositional logic, particularly predicative logic, due to the use of the logical and extra-logical term. However, the lines between them are unclear since their relation cannot be proved by deductive validity.  In other words, quantifier invariably becomes a foundation limiting logical operation via the relation of logical constants. The problem is that logical concept introduced here is far from extension logic. Two notations cannot be distinguished if they have similar extensions, and even if their intentions are different. Rather than adding more notations, I will introduce topology of magnitude as the shift from quantifier to qualifier. The essential issue in this shift will be focused on the concept of satisfaction. In light of that, the lecture will be divided into three sections:

1. Introduction to Meta-language
2. The concept of satisfaction
3. The topology of magnitude

Lectures

Mind, Meaning, and Object: A Metaphysical Investigation

by Taufiqurrahman (Head of Metaphysics and Mind  at Ze-No)

Yogyakarta | 18, 25 November, and 02 December 2018

Time: 15.00 – 17.00 WIB

Venue: Sengkan RT 07 RW 059 Gang Nakula no 16 Joho Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281 (Ze-No Office)

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Abstract

Mind, Meaning, and Object: A Metaphysical Investigation

The discourse of object is a heresy in the phenomenological analysis. Phenomenology, as far as comprehended in Kantian term, is a turning away from an object to consciousness or thought of the object. It makes phenomenological analysis epistemologically solipsistic and metaphysically idealistic. The consequence is contrary to the initial goal of Husserl’s phenomenology to make philosophy an objectively justified, rigorous science. This lecture, therefore, is going to rethink that heresy by a metaphysical investigation of a central point of Husserlian phenomenology, i.e. intentionality. The main questions are what the fundamental structure of intentionality is and what the ontological status of object in intentionality is. This lecture, therefore, will be divided into three parts:

1. Introduction to Husserlian intentionality
2. Mind, meaning, and object
3. The ontological status of object

Lectures

On the Problem of Free Will

by Risalatul Hukmi (Head of Metaphysics and Continental Philosophy  at Ze-No)

Yogyakarta | 21, 28 October, and 04 November 2018

Time: 15.00 – 17.00 WIB

Venue: Sengkan RT 07 RW 059 Gang Nakula no 16 Joho Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281 (Ze-No Office)

Abstract

All our justifications of law and morality are possible if and only if the concept of free will has a valid metaphysical reasoning. Only by accepting free will can one determine whether an action is good or evil so that a punishment can be fully legitimized on the basis of that judgment. Thus, free will is one of, if not the only one, the pre-requisites of a legal system to be implemented. In the absence of free will, all legal orders have no meaning at all. However, what kind of conditions and reasoning which allow free will to be accepted ontologically? This lecture will be divided into three parts that will help to answer that question:

1. Free will and the problem of responsibility (21 Oct 2018)
2. On the problem of causation (28 Oct 2018)
3. Self-determinism (04 Nov 2018)

Lectures

Asserting Identity in Denial

by Sosiawan Permadi (Head of Logic and Semantic  at Ze-No)

Yogyakarta | 16, 23, and 30 September 2018

Time: 15.00 – 17.00 WIB

Venue: Sengkan RT 07 RW 059 Gang Nakula no 16 Joho Condongcatur, Depok, Sleman Yogyakarta 55281 (Ze-No Office)

Abstract

The problem of assertion lies in our belief of the truth in reality. When someone is in doubt, one tends to deny the given proposition. Stephen Mumford argues that denial is different from asserting a negation and it is also non-committal to the way the world is. In his analysis, Mumford believes that asserting a negation enables negative entities to be granted in metaphysical structure, which will legitimize its existence. He then gives the grounds for accepting the negative existence only if it is indispensable and irreducibly negative. With that, rather than affirming the existence of a negative, Mumford argues he can deny the existence of a positive. However, Mumford introduces this account without involving identity statements, which makes denying seem absurd. In light of this, the lecture will argue that Mumford’s account of denial cannot explain what conditions are required for denial to be submitted and how belief in identity is the main problem of denial.
Lectures schedule:
1. Denying the positive (16 Sept 2018)
2. Consequence of Denial (23 Sept 2018)
3. Belief and Identity (30 Sept 2018)

POSTER MUMFORD

Lectures

Metaphysics of Absence

by Prof. Stephen Mumford (Durham University)

Yogyakarta | 25-26 May 2018

Upcoming Opening Projects

Journal of Logic and Metaphysics – End of 2018

Educational Videos on Logic and Metaphysics – Mid 2018