Multi-level selection and butterfly

Natural Way to See Multi-Level Selection

Sep. 10, 2021 by

A review of Samir Okasha’s Evolution and the Levels of Selection (2006) Units and levels of selection have never been easy to grasp, and this is primarily not merely because of the statistical formalism. As with other issues associated with

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Nagasawa’s Argument against Panpsychism

Aug. 11, 2021 by

A review of Yujin Nagasawa’s “A Panpsychist Dead End” (2021) Recently, philosophers of mind have been trying to find an alternative to materialism and dualism, and one of the most widely embraced alternatives but also frequently questioned is panpsychism. It


OSR or Coherentism?

Oct. 4, 2020 by

A review of Matteo Morganti’s From Ontic Structural Realism to Metaphysical Coherentism (2018) Structural realism is a stance in the philosophy of science that has been topical since the 90s. This stance has two partitions, namely epistemic structural realism and


Pluralism and Metaphysical Disorder

Sep. 19, 2020 by

A review of John Dupré’s The Disorder of Things (1993) Metaphysics-minded philosophers might ask John Dupré project in his 1993’s book, even from the title alone, with a question of the possibility of metaphysical disorders. This response is natural since


Carnap’s Specter

Jul. 23, 2020 by

A review of Huw Price’s Metaphysics After Carnap (2007) Introduction One of Carnap’s ultimate but unfinished project is to extirpate metaphysics. Carnap is a firm believer that metaphysical claims are merely vacuous propositions in which the truth-value cannot be validated.

Photo by Michael Dziedzic on Unsplash laws of physics

The Facticity of Laws of Physics

Jun. 29, 2020 by

A review of Nancy Cartwright’s How the Laws of Physics Lie (1983) Laws of physics are typically assumed to be true and describe facts of reality. Moreover, it is usually assumed that a nomological generic-specific relation holds between a more

Natural Laws

The Range of Natural Laws

May. 11, 2020 by

A review of Nancy Cartwright’s The Dappled World: a Study of Boundaries of Science. For fundamentalists, arguably a position held by most naturalists, the world is nomologically tidy and structured. They might still disagree with each other about the nature

The Real

Manipulation and the Real

Apr. 27, 2018 by

A review of Ian Hacking’s Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science. Ian Hacking, in one of his seminal works, Representing and Intervening (R&I) (1983),[1] provides a persuasive proposal regarding the definition of the real, especially


Truth in a Structure and A-Prioricity of Logic

Mar. 15, 2018 by

A review of Matthew McKeon’s The Concept of Logical Consequence: an Introduction to Philosophical Logic. “Truth in a structure” is an intense discussion in logic, especially in the concept of ‘logical model’ through a scheme of ‘non-logical language terminology’.[i] By